Creek people and culture

Encyclopedia Article


The Creeks were Native American tribal group copmrised of a collection of tribes, primarily the Muskogee. The Creeks were a loose organization, but did form a group based on Muskogee-language-speaking villages, mainly along the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers in present day Alabama. It is believed that the Muskogee themselves migrated at some point from the northwest down south. Along with the Cherokees, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminoles, the Creeks were considered by non-Native settlers to be one of the Five Civilized Tribes in the 1800s.

Photo Credit: 

"A Creek Indian, Kansas, 1868," photograph by James Earle McCLee, reproduced by Antonio Zeno Shindler for the Smithsonian Institute, Palace of the Governors Photo Archive, New Mexico History Museum (056164).

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