Encyclopedia Article


A six-stringed, wood-bodied instrument with a fretted neck. The basic guitar, which emerged from the confluence of Islamic and Greco-Roman musical traditions in the Iberian penninsula, developed into different types derived from a variety of cultural traditions, such as flamenco, mariachi, and eventually styles like American folk and rock-and-roll, each of which augmented the traditional guitar design to accommodate new playing pracitices, aesthetics, and desired sounds.

Photo Credit: 

"An array of colorful Mexican guitars and guitarrónes (a small-scaled acoustic bass) at the Pueblo de los Angeles' tourist mecca, Olvera Street outdoor market, August 3, 2008" by Zeetz Jones is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND.

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