Encyclopedia Article


The term generally refers to people of Anglo-Saxon descent, especially in the Americas, Australia, and New Zealand. However, in the Southwestern parts of the United States, "Anglo" is often used synonymously with "white" to indicate any persons who are not of Native or Hispanic origin. In the context of the history of the Southwest, the term has strong political and colonial connotations, as Anglos--or white Americans--were the most recent arrivals to the region and brought with them a dominant new order, under-girded by Manifest Destiny and the politics of racial and class difference inherent within colonialism, that in many cases severely infringed on the rights, livelihood, and traditions of Native Americans and Hispanic populations who had resided in the area for centuries.

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"The union of all three in the life of the Southwest, 1939," mural by Kenneth Adams. Center for Southwest Research, University Libraries, University of New Mexico.

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