Encyclopedia Article


A large evergreen tree, native to New Mexico and other mountainous areas of the Southwest, common at elevations between 7,000-12,000 feet. Spruce tends to grow in dense stands but can also be found in more open mixed stands along with other evergreens such as ponderosa pines and firs. The lumber of spruce has been used for building materials, railroad ties, mine timbers, and poles. Spruce also has cultural significance for the indigenous peoples of the Southwest and is utilized in various Pueblo ceremonial customs, architecture, and ritual enactments.

Photo Credit: 

"Blue Spruce Tree, 1996" by USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database is licensed under Public Domain.