Window Rock, Arizona

Encyclopedia Article


A small settlement located on the Navajo Nation Reservation in northeastern Arizona, close to the New Mexico-Arizona state line. Window Rock, which was established in the 1930s as the base of the Navajo Central Agency, is the capital of the Navajo Nation. The Navajo Nation Council, the Navajo Nation Supreme Court, the headquarters of the Navajo Police, and various other administrative offices are all located in Window Rock. The town was named Window Rock after the adjacent sandstone arch of the same name, known in the Navajo language as Tségháhoodzání, which means “Perforated Rock.” The unique rock formation is one of the town's famous tourist attractions, along with the Navajo Nation Museum, the Tribal Zoological and Botanical Park, and the Navajo Code Talkers World War II Memorial.

Photo Credit: 

"Navajo Nation Council Chambers, Window Rock, AZ, March 28, 2009" by William Nakai is licensed under CC BY-SA.