Jicarilla Apache Reservation, New Mexico

Encyclopedia Article


The Jicarilla Apache are one of nine Apachean speaking tribes, and their name means “Little Basket.” The Jicarilla Apache Reservation is located in northern New Mexico, and the headquarters for the reservation is located in Dulce, New Mexico. The reservation was established in 1887 by an Executive Order given by United States President Grover Cleveland. In 1937, they adopted a formal style of government and a constitution. They have a tribal council and their government includes three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial.

Photo Credit: 

"Welcome sign to the Jicarilla Apache homelands, July 24, 2013" by Bob Nichols .