Built Environment Reference


A flanged element of a vehicle's body that swells out over the wheel wells. Although fenders often have a decorative aspect, they are intended to prevent tires from throwing debris, water, mud, et cetera, in a demonstration of centrifugal force, up and behind the vehicle as it is in motion.


A component in an automobile that is used either as a brake for emergency stopping or keeping a car in place when parked on a steep slope. This brake is engaged by pulling a hand-lever that is generally located next to the driver.

University of California, Berkeley

The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley) is a public research university located in Berkeley, California and it is the flagship school for the University of California system. The university is situated on the eastern side of the San Francisco Bay, and, while Berkeley is not an Ivy League school, it is a very prestigious public university with an emphasis on research.

UC Berkeley also has an intimate relationship with nuclear development and culture in the Southwest. J. Robert Oppenheimer, known as one of the "fathers of the atomic bomb," was a physics professor at Berkely before commencing work on the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory, which culminated in the testing of the first nuclear bomb at the Trinity Test site near White Sands, New Mexico. Currently, UC Berkeley administers Los Alamos Nationaol Laboratory in northern New Mexico, one of the premier nuclear research and development sites in the world.


Something used to distract attention away from something or someone else.

Anasazi houses

Large ruins, generally located in defensible areas such as cliff faces or on mesa tops and that were ancestrally occupied by the Anasazi.

In contemporary scholarship, the Anasazi are also referred to as Ancient or Ancestral Pueblo peoples. This ancient Native American culture was concentrated in the Four Corners area of the Southwest, including the present day states of Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona. Ancestral Puebloans are known for the range of structures they left behind, especially their cliff dwellings, inclulding those found in Many Ruins Canyon (Canyon de Chelly), Chaco Canyon, and Mesa Verde National Park. The term “pueblo” is both the name given to the culture and the name of their dwellings and was given to the culture by the Spanish, who recognized in these site buidling styles and a social organization of space similar to the "pueblos" or villages they had left behind on the Iberian Peninsula.


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